Al-Magar Civilization

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Introduction:

 

Al-Magar site is located in a very remote area in the center of Saudi Arabia between Tathleet and Wadi Al Dawaser, approximately 120 kilometers from Wadi Al Dawaser. SCTH began exploration of the site after a communication by a citizen in the month of March 2010 on the presence of an ancient site, when Mutlaq ibn Gublan decided to dig a birka (pond) to keep his camels watered​ on the site, which was his private land, when he chanced upon a hidden civilization under the sand. 

Archeological elements of different types have been found spread throughout the site, which include some stone arrow heads and stone scrapers meticulously prepared, similar to those used by Neolithic man. The site was named, "Al Magar civilization" based on the present day name of the region.

From the available evidence on the site it is concluded that the early man had once settled here and practiced the art of agriculture and animal husbandry in this region before the desertification had started, or during a cataclysmic event to climate change, which ended with a big spread of desert across the region.

The team found on the site multiple animal sculptures and humans who lived on this site, and some utilities in his activities of the daily life. These animals include, horses, sheep, goats, ostriches, greyhound, falcon, and fish.

Most importantly the discovery of a significantly large statue of a bridled horse indicating the domestication of horses about 9000 years ago in the Arabian peninsula, much earlier than the domestication of horse was reported in any other part of the world.

Archaeological materials and the results of the analysis of organic material found on the site indicate that the Neolithic period, is the last period in which the man lived in this place, that is, 9000 years before present, as well as the dating of the stone tools that were taken from the surface of the site.


For more information please visit the following links;

-    Photo Gallery
-    Video Library
-    General Information on Al Magar Site